Corpus-based Data Driven Learning

Underused word "issue"

A number of words are essential to be used at the beginning of academic writing; it is necessary to state your topic clearly and have a short discussion of the relevant issues related to your topic. Some important words to be noticed are issue, factor, concept, etc. It is equally important to know how these words are commonly used or collocated in academic contexts. The word issue including its variant forms occurred 639 times in the professional corpus while only 188 in the learner corpus. It is clear that this word has been underused by learners. 


In order to improve your understanding of this word, please study the following concordance lines from the professional corpus and observe how the word Issue is used.


1.          were a set of independent words. The Bilingual Lexicon A second issue concerns the structure of the vocabulary store that a lang

2.          empirical evidence of how language users actually behave. The issue demonstrates how a better understanding of language proces

3.          to English language teaching. All the articles included in this issue fall within the evidence-driven tradition. They draw upon

4.          identify ways to tailor it to the students' needs. One important issue addressed by researchers concerns the relationship betwe

5.          is known locally as a community activist working on educational issues, and she directs activities for Raiders Rojos, the Hispan

6.          aried as they are in their exploration of community and pedagogic issues, and geographically distant as they are from each other,

7.          the negative association that they have between Quebec political issues and the acquisition of English" (p. 81), acknowledging th

8.          primarily as prompts in interviews, additional perspectives on issues that arose in interviews, and sources of contextual infor

9.          However, we have made an effort to discuss all of those topics or issues that were voiced by several individuals from different pr

10.      fficulty recalling even short recasts, or some other factor is an issue for further exploration. In conclusion, the literacy leve

11.      iocultural and historical contexts. It was her ability to see the issue from divergent perspectives that allowed her to understand

12.      comprehensible utterance may be affected. This is perhaps not an issue in everyday conversation, but it becomes one in conditions

13.      versions of the practice booklets. Because time on task was an issue in this study, students were also asked to keep track of h

14.      iations from native-speaker norms. A more radical approach to the issue of pronunciation course content is found in Jenner's (1989

15.      that one day at that pool [laughing]. Ruby next returned to the issue of employment discrimination, asking whether a U.S. employ

16.      term that has deep philosophical roots and that crucially informs issues around policy change. Our understandings of what ethical

17.      language-in-education policies in their classrooms. The numerous issues around what Stritikus (2003) has termed the policy-to-pra

18.      Lubbock, Carol Keeney spent approximately 90 minutes discussing issues related to working with adults on literacy and ESL,

19.      reported that XYZ they address interlanguage pragmatics (i.e., issues related to how pragmatic competence develops during SLA).

20.      of comments received from course participants. The eight critical issues relating to feedback are as follows: Critical issue 1: Tr

21.      learn. Although the seminar was initially designed to deal with issues specifically related to NNES professionals, I saw the opp




Read the following statements and judge whether each is true or false about the concept issue.

a. An issue is a point about which there is some question, controversy, debate or doubt.

b. An issue is a matter requiring thought or decision.

c. The word issue is used when a matter has been shown to be true.


Exercise 2:

Please summarise the patterns in which issue is often used by completing the gaps in each statement.

Please summarise the patterns in which issue is often used by completing the gaps in each statement.


1. Issue is often by some adjectives such as .

2. Issue can be by certain verbs such as .

3. Issue can be followed by a relative clause beginning with .

4. Issues can be followed by various .

Exercise 3

Please study the following sentences taken from the professional corpus and supply the missing words. Some clues have been provided to facilitate your completion of the task.
1. requency of word meanings. We view this as one of the issues to be addressed as corpus linguists attempt to build
2. his article recounts my interpretive exploration of these issues with two intercultural, transnational English teachers. I
3. is syllable is treated as ending with a nasal consonant. A second issue final dark and syllabic /l/. As is noted in Hung
4. of values" in describing how various contributors to this special issue directly and indirectly the ethics of agency in th
5. ents on their usefulness in the light of some of the findings and issues have been discussed. Stress Perception Exercises Eng
6. ulturality (Byram, 1997; Kramsch, 2005), that is, seeing cultural issues multiple perspectives, should not be viewed as synon
7. ructor of the seminar, am a Japanese female who was interested in issues NNES professionals. We used two main texts: No
8. ication are more fluid than the LFC suggests. The LFC also raises issues EFL contexts, where its recommendations would seem to